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中科院心理所社会与工程心理学研究室学术沙龙第七期
作者: 社会与工程心理学研究室 研究生部 ║ 日期: 2012/05/07 

学术沙龙第七期:Being loved makes you brave:The role of attachment styles in shaping proactive behavior

时 间: 2012年5月9日(周三)下午2点开始

地 点: 中科院心理所南楼3层中间会议室

报告人:Chiahuei Wu 吳佳煇(University of Western Australia)

主持人:白新文副研究员

Abstract:

Proactive behavior is defined as self-initiated and future-oriented actions that aim to change and improve the situation or oneself. Conceptualizing proactivity as a form of exploration, we adopt attachment theroy to examine how attachment styles and supervisor secure-base support can shape adult’s work proactivity. First, we proposed that individuals’ attachment styles, which develop from interaction experiences with primary caregivers in early life, shape motivational states (i.e., self-efficacy, autonomous motivation and positive affect) which in turn are associated with proactive behavior. This hypothesis was supported in an initial study focusing on proactive career behavior in a student sample (n = 223). We further hypothesized that the security offered by a leader, or leader secure-based support, can offset the negative effects for proactivity of an insecure attachment style. We tested this hypothesis in an employee sample (n =138). Findings from the second study replicated those for Study 1, but additionally showed that insecure attachment style had negative links to motivation, and hence proactive work behavior, only when secure-based support from the leader was low. Overall, this investigation enriches our understanding of dispositional impact on proactive behavior.

University of Western Australia

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