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学术讲座:Lie Hard: Self-Assessments Produce Anchoring Effects in Promotion Decisions
日期: 2011/05/10 

Speaker: Dr. Zhe Chen
Senior Lectuer
Department of Psychology
University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Time:   14:00 pm – 15:30 pm
Date:   May 12, 2011
Venue: 中科院心理所北楼一层报告厅

Brief Abstract: Anchoring effects refer to the phenomenon that information that is known to be unreliable or unrelated to a target variable still affect estimates of the target variable. In this talk, I will present a series of experiments that investigated the possibility that including self-assessments or promotion criteria in applications for a promotion might also produce an anchoring effect. Overall, the self-assessments produced a robust anchoring effect for both good and bad applications, when the applications were judged by novices and experts, regardless of whether the applicant was likely to receive feedback, and independently of the rater’s views of what constituted good performance. The effect survived when a second application was available for comparison, and it was reduced but not eliminated if a second set of assessments was available. Furthermore, a positive correlation was found between the rater’s views of an application and the promotion criterion, which typically increases with the increase in the level of promotion sought. These results suggest that promotion processes that use self-assessments or specify a specific criterion are likely to be biased by them, and there does not appear to be a simple way to guard against them. On the other hand, for those who seek promotion, modesty is unlikely to serve them well.

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